What is the Declaration of Independence ?

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve

the political band which have connected them with another, and to assume among the power of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them.

a decent respect to the opinions of mankind require that they should declare the cause which impel them to the separation.

Declaration of Independence

We hold these truth to be self-evident, that all men are create equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights.

among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.

to secure these right, Governments are instituted among Men.

deriving their just powers from the consent of the govern.

whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these end.

it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government.

laying its foundation on such principle and organizing its power in such form.

as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed.

will dictate that Governments long established should not be change for light and transient causes.

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Declaration of Independence

and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more dispose to suffer.

while evil are suffer able, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustom.

But when a long train of abuse and usurpation, pursuing invariably the same Object evince a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism.

it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guard for their future security.

Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrain them to alter their former Systems of Government.

The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeat injuries and usurpation.

all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States.

To prove this, let Fact be submit to a candid world.

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Declaration of Independence

refuse his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance.

unless suspense in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspense, he has utterly neglect to attend to them.

refuse to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large district of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature.

a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

call together legislative bode at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Record.

for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

dissolve Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasion on the rights of the people.

Declaration of Independence

refuse for a long time, after such dissolution, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers,

incapable of Annihilation, have return to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners.

refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.

made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.

Declaration of Independence

kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.

combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:

transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences

Declaration of Independence

abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at.

once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:

taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

Declaration of Independence

is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny.

already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury.

A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Declaration of Independence

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us.

have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations.

which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity.

must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

Declaration of Independence

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled.

appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions.

do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare.

United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States.

are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain.

is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States.

have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

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