The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009.
which describe the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21a of.
the Indian Constitution. India became one of 135 countrified to make education a fundamental right of every child when the Act came into force on 1 April 2010.
The Act make education a fundamental right of every child between the ages of 6 and 14 and specifies minimum norm in elementary school.
It require all private schools to reserve 25% of seats to children (to be reimburse by the state as part of the public-private partnership plan).
Kids are admit in to private schools base on economic status or caste based reservation.
It also prohibit all unrecognized school from practice, and makes provisions for no donation or capitation fees and no interview of the child or parent for admission.
The Act also provides that no child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until the completion of elementary education.
There is also a provision for special training of school drop-outs to bring them up to par with students of the same age.
The RTE Act requires surveys that will monitor all neighborhood, identify children requiring education, and set up facilities for providing it.
The World Bank education specialist for India, Sam Carlson, has observed: “The RTE Act is the first legislation in.
the world that puts the responsibility of ensuring enrolment, attendance and completion on the Government.
It is the parents’ responsibility to send the children to schools in the US and other countries.”
rte school education
The Right to Education of persons with disabilities until 18 years of age is laid down under a separate legislation – the Persons with Disabilities Act.
A number of other provisions regarding improvement of school infrastructure, teacher-student ratio and faculty are made in the Act.
Education in the Indian constitution is a concurrent issue and both centre and states can legislate on the issue.
The Act lays down specific responsibilities for the centre, state and local bodies for its implementation.
The states have been clamouring that they lack financial capacity to deliver education of appropriate standard in all the schools needed for universal education.
Thus it was clear that the central government (which collects most of the revenue) will be required to subsidise the states.
rte school education
A committee set up to study the funds requirement and funding initially estimated that INR 1710 billion or 1.71 trillion (US$38.2 billion) across five years was required to implement.
the Act, and in April 2010 the central government agreed to sharing the funding for implementing the law in.
the ratio of 65 to 35 between the centre and the state, and a ratio of 90 to 10 for the north-eastern states.
However, in mid 2010, this figure was upgraded to INR 2310 billion, and the center agreed to raise its share to 68%. There is some confusion on this, with other media reports stating that .
the centre’s share of the implementation expenses would now be 70%. At that rate, most states may not need to increase their education budget substantially.
A critical development in 2011 has the decision taken in principle to extend the right to education till Class X (age 16) and into the preschool age range.
The CABE committee is in the process of looking into the implication of making these changes.
rte school education
The Ministry of HRD set up a high-level, 14-member National Advisory Council (NAC) for implementation of the Act.
The members included Kiran Karnik, former president of NASSCOM; Krishna Kumar, former director of the.
NCERT; Mrinal Miri, former vice-chancellor of North-East Hill University; Yogendra Yadav – social scientist. India
Sajit Krishnan Kutty, Secretary of The Educators Assisting Children’s Hopes (TEACH) India; Annie Namala.
an activist and head of Centre for Social Equity and Inclusion; and Aboobacker Ahmad, vice-president of Muslim Education Society, Kerala.
A report on the status of implementation of the Act was release by the Ministry of Human Resource Development on the one year anniversary of the Act.
The report admit that 8.1 million children in the age group six-14 remain out of school and there’s a shortage of 508,000 teachers country-wide.
A shadow report by the RTE Forum representing the leading education networks in the country, however, challenging.
the findings pointing out that several key legal commitment are falling behind the schedule.
The Supreme Court of India has also intervened to demand implementation of the Act in the Northeast. It has also provide.
the legal basis for ensuring pay parity between teachers in government and government aided school. Haryana Government has assigned.
the dutie and responsibilities to Block Elementary Education Officer–cum–Block Resource Coordinator (Bios-cum-BRCs) for.
effective implementation and continuous monitoring of implementation of Right to Education Act in the State.
rte school education
It has been pointed out that the RTE act is not new. Universal adult franchise in.
the act was oppose since most of the population was illiterate.
Article 45 in the Constitution of India was set up as an act:
The State shall endeavor to provide, within a period of ten year from the commencement of.
this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until.
they complete the age of fourteen years.
As that deadline was about to be pass many decade ago.
the education minister at the time, MC Chagla, memorably said:
“Our Constitution fathers did not intend that we just set up hovel.
put student there, give untrained teacher, give them bad textbook.
no playground, and say, we have comply with Article 45 and primary education is expanding.
that real education should be given to our children between the ages of 6 and 14″ – (MC Chagla, 1964).
In the 1990s, the World Bank fund a number of measures to set up school.
within easy reach of rural ammunition.
This effort was consolidate in the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan model in the 1990.
RTE take the process further, and makes the enrolment of children in school a state prerogative.