Indian Education is being divided into two parts private and government education, the ratio is 5:7 respectively. Government education has failed to give a good quality of education.Issues
The education received from the government schools is hugely insufficient.
This is also because of the lack of teachers and no proper check on them, particularly in rural areas. Therefore,
urban areas have a much higher literacy rate than rural areas. Public schools have weak infrastructure and poor academic attention which is very terrible for the overall development of an individual. Better facilities must be given to students in academic
, sports, cultural, technical, media, arts, music, religious, social, and political areas which would aid them to discover their areas of interest. Government schools lack a lot in this kind of aspect.Issues
Whereas, the private schools which give all such facilities are too expensive for the lower class families. Above 37% of the Indian population is living below the poverty line. And they cannot afford education even at a primary level. India being a country of morals and beliefs, people are still traditionalistic and apprehend modern education.
The performance of the workers depends on several important factors like health and nutrition, education and training, etc. These are regarded as a significant determinant of quality of life.
Sufficient investment in these fields will increase the productivity and efficiency of the manpower.
The body of knowledge is achieved by the population and capacity of the population to use the knowledge effectively.
Major issues of Indian Education
1. Lack of money
The absence of sufficient assets is a fundamental issue in the improvement of education. Because of poor economics, most instructive institutions need the framework, science gear and libraries, and so on. Because of this, the desired outcomes can’t be achieved.
Every year there is a separate budget for the Education sector but it needs to be well directed through the appropriate pipeline so that it reaches every sector, where it’s needed the most.
2. Costly higher education
College and specialized institutions have turned out to expensive in India.
The expense structure of specific and able institutions. Privatization of advanced education has helped the development of benefit greedy business people.
Now advanced education is a much expensive undertaking.
3. Neglect of Indian languages
The medium of teaching especially is English because of the focus on education in English, students are not developing foundational literacy and numerical skills.
And then they are piled on with more material in English and as a result,
kids mainly from government schools and poorer backgrounds were suffering a lot because of this.
Standard distributions are not accessible in native Indian languages.
4. No practical knowledge
In educational institutions, lots of attention is provided to theory and books,
and practical knowledge is completely neglected. When these students pass the exam,
they forget all the things they have studied due to a lack of practical experience.
In India, parents and teachers expect their students to score high in the exam rather than getting quality knowledge. And education becomes a rat race.
Practical knowledge and skill-based education are still very far away from scholars who are studying in schools, colleges, and universities
5. The problem of brain drain
Whenever smart, capable, and meriting candidates don’t get reasonable positions in the nation.
They need to travel to another country to look for employment. So our nation is denied good ability. This wonder is called ‘Brain Drain’. Because of that,
we lost so many talents that could utilize in our nation for the betterment of education as well as the overall development of the country.
In the Indian education system,
6. Cast reservation and paid seat
seats are reserved for reserved cast and rich students. The education system should give equal chance to all students irrespective of their caste and creed.
In India, the child of a good rich family gets a good education just because of ample money whereas the child of a poor family hardly gets a primary education.
The government data disclose the better reality that only 1 child out of 7 that takes birth in India goes to school.
That problem should convey into notice as soon as possible and do some severe work to change the circumstances as soon as possible.
7. Mass illiteracy
Still, we are not capable of getting 100 percent education. Even now most of the individuals stay uneducated. In India, the quantity of illiterate individuals is approximately 33 percent of the aggregate uneducated people. Propelled nations are almost 100 percent educated, and the situation in India is very unfavorable.
8. Wastage of resources
Our education system depends on General Education. The dropout percentage is high in the essential and auxiliary dimensions.
The huge majority of the understudies in the 7-14 age group leave the school before completing their studies. It implies the wastage of financial and Human Resources.
9. General education structure:
Our education structure is of General Education in nature. The advancement of specialized and professional education is very unacceptable.
So our way of instruction is ineffective. Hence the number of educated jobless people is growing each day. This has changed into a prominent concern for the Government.
10. Problems of primary education
Our primary education is performed with an extreme number of issues. A huge number of primary schools have no structures, basic facilities like drinking water,
furniture and study materials, urinals and power, and many more.
Large quantities of grade schools are single educator schools and many schools are even without teachers. So the drop rate is high and a basis for concern.
We can say that there is a quantitative extension of training but in subjective improvement, we are still falling behind.
11. Outdated syllabus
There is an urgent requirement to modify the present system of higher education in the country. We are required to ensure quality in education as well as quantity.
Students are acquiring knowledge from the outdated syllabus. Lots of technological and scientific advancements are taking place in India.
And hence the courses are Graduate and postgraduates need to be updated as per the modern and technological development.